The current statewide elected officials are: The bicameral Washington State Legislature is the state's legislative branch. The peoples of the Interior had a very different subsistence-based culture based on hunting, food-gathering and some forms of agriculture, as well as a dependency on salmon from the Columbia and its tributaries. [22], Despite western Washington's having a marine climate similar to many coastal cities of Europe, there are exceptions such as the "Big Snow" events of 1880, 1881, 1893, and 1916, and the "deep freeze" winters of 1883–1884, 1915–1916, 1949–1950, and 1955–1956, among others. The Democratic Party has a majority in the House and Senate. This has resulted in several same-party general election match-ups. The state gem is petrified wood. VIEW BY REGION United States Alaska Great Plains Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwest Northeast Rocky Mountains South Southwest West There are five species of salmon that ascend the Western Washington area, from streams to spawn. Her essays, profiles, and destination guides have appeared in Fodor's, Forbes Travel Guide, Backpacker, Scandinavian Traveler, Frommer's, The Austin-American Statesman, Austin Monthly, Misadventures Magazine, and many others. The growing season is 150 to 200 days long, but because Zone 4 summers are temperate (highs average from the low 60s to the 70s), plants take more time to develop. Climate in Washington. The term "Pineapple Express" is used colloquially to describe atmospheric river events, where repeated storm systems are directed by this persistent cyclone from tropical and near-tropical Pacific regions into the Pacific Northwest. [13] Its northern border lies mostly along the 49th parallel, and then via marine boundaries through the Strait of Georgia, Haro Strait, and Strait of Juan de Fuca, with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north.[14]. The high mountains of the Cascade Range run north–south, bisecting the state. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. [16] It is also covered with more glacial ice than any other peak in the contiguous 48 states. In the rain shadow area east of the Cascades, the annual precipitation is only 6 inches (150 mm). For the proposed statehood of Washington, D.C., see, Map of the United States with Washington highlighted, "Demographics of Washington" redirects here. [5] Along with Colorado, Washington was one of the first to legalize medicinal and recreational cannabis, was among the first thirty-six states to legalize same-sex marriage, doing so in 2012, and was one of only four U.S. states to have been providing legal abortions on request before the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade loosened abortion laws nationwide. [151] For the individual market, Molina Healthcare had the top share at 23%.[152]. [142] All candidates run on the same ballot during primary elections and the top two candidates advance to the general election in November, regardless of party affiliation. The map above can be enlarged by clicking it, which will help you determine your zone. Representatives serve two-year terms, while senators serve for four years. Bill Dewey harvests shellfish, an occupation that dates back millennia in the cool, coastal waters of Washington. Bus systems exist across the state, the busiest being King County Metro, located in Seattle and King County, with just above 122 million riders in 2017. [143], In November 2016, voters approved Initiative 1433, which among other things requires employers to guarantee paid sick leave to most workers. Climate Impacts and Action in Washington. Washington has two distinct climate zones. In 2008 the Washington Death with Dignity Act ballot initiative passed and became law. Mount Rainier, the tallest mountain in the state,[15] is 50 miles (80 km) south of the city of Seattle, from which it is prominently visible. [86] The black community of Seattle consisted of one individual in 1858, Manuel Lopes, and grew to a population of 406 by 1900. The intercity network includes the Cascade Tunnel, the longest railroad tunnel in the United States, which is part of the Stevens Pass route on the BNSF Northern Transcom. Marcus provided medical care for the Native Americans, but when Indian patients—lacking immunity to new, "European" diseases—died in striking numbers, while at the same time many white patients recovered, they held "medicine man" Marcus Whitman personally responsible, and murdered Whitman and twelve other white settlers in the Whitman massacre in 1847. There are no term limits. Among its most famous bridges is the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, which collapsed in 1940 and was rebuilt. Fall, especially, is a great time to see the city since temperatures are usually in the 50s and 60s. Summer days west of the Cascades rarely rise above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and winter is fairly pleasant. [89] Washington state has the second highest percentage of Pacific Islander people in the mainland U.S. (behind Utah); the Seattle-Tacoma area is home to more than 15,000 people of Samoan ancestry, who mainly reside in southeast Seattle, Tacoma, Federal Way, and in SeaTac.[90][91]. Among Washington's resident billionaires are, as of December 2017[update], both the first and the second wealthiest people in the world: Jeff Bezos of Amazon, with a net worth of $99.6 billion, and Bill Gates of Microsoft, at of $91.3 billion. The Palouse southeast region of Washington was grassland that has been mostly converted into farmland, and extends to the Blue Mountains.[20]. The state of Washington reformed its health care system in 1993 through the Washington Health Services Act. Washington has a relatively strong economy, with a total gross state product of $569.449 billion in 2018, placing it 10th in the nation and growing by 5.7 percent per year—the fastest rate in the United States. There are extensive waterways around Washington's largest cities, including Seattle, Bellevue, Tacoma and Olympia. In total, 17.49% (1,073,002) of Washington's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English. The state of Washington falls into U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 6 through 9. Previous ships had held that name in honor of George Washington. Rainier the most dangerous volcano in the Cascade Range, due to its proximity to the Seattle metropolitan area, and most dangerous in the continental U.S. according to the Decade Volcanoes list. [4] The state consistently ranks among the best for life expectancy and low unemployment. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfa. Instead, we fulfill our national Coastal Zone Management Act requirements through a network of state laws and regulations. The lowest temperature recorded in the state was −48 °F (−44 °C) in Winthrop and Mazama. In 2007, Washington became the first state in the nation to target all forms of highly toxic brominated flame retardants known as PBDEs for elimination from the many common household products in which they are used. [130] The radioactive materials are known to be leaking from Hanford into the environment.[131]. The climate of Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia), the US federal capital, is semi-continental, with cold winters and hot and muggy summers.The city is located on the 38th parallel, in a way, between the cold and the warm part of the United States. The Cascade Range has several volcanoes, which reach altitudes significantly higher than the rest of the mountains. Because of the favorable climate of dry, warm summers and cold winters of central Washington, the state has led the U.S. in apple production since the 1920s. Average winter lows in Zone 4 range from 34°F (1°C) down to 28°F (–2°C),with extreme lows averaging 8 to 0°F (–13 to –18°C). The state also has several public arts focused high schools including Tacoma School of the Arts, the Vancouver School of Arts and Academics, and The Center School. A 2004 study of 40 mothers from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Montana found PBDEs in the breast milk of every woman tested. Washington has not voted for a Republican senator, governor, or presidential candidate since 1994, tying Delaware for the longest streak in the country.[141]. Three recent studies by the Washington State Department of Ecology showed toxic chemicals banned decades ago linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain. Disputed joint-occupancy by Britain and the U.S. lasted for several decades. Fort Nisqually, a farm and trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company and the first European settlement in the Puget Sound area, was founded in 1833. Washington was considered a key swing state in 1968, and it was the only western state to give its electoral votes to Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey over his Republican opponent Richard Nixon. Author(s) International Code Council. ", "Dear D. C., you can't call yourself 'State of Washington'. the US) shall be assigned a climate zone based on Section 301.3. It borders Idaho to the east, bounded mostly by the meridian running north from the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River (about 117°02'23" west), except for the southernmost section where the border follows the Snake River. The state is divided into 49 legislative districts of equal population, each of which elects two representatives and one senator. ZONE 1A: Coldest mountain and intermountain areas of the contiguous states and Southwestern British Columbia. Begun by the state legislature in 1990, it allows students to attend institutions of higher education at public expense, simultaneously earning high school and college credit.[150]. Named for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by the British Empire in 1846, in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. All property taxes are paid to the county treasurer's office where the property is located. Washington—Race and Hispanic Origin: 1850 to 1990", "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico 2010 Census National Summary File of Redistricting Data", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Washington; UNITED STATES", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Mandatory Busing in Seattle: Memories of a Bumpy Ride", "1,500 Cambodian refugees face deportation for crimes", "Puget Sound's Samoan community awaits news", Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 more information 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File, "Ethiopian and Eritrean Communities in Seattle", "Somali Community in Seattle—HistoryLink.org", "Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life (2014)", "LDS Statistics and Church Facts | Total Church Membership", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Wicca more prevalent in the Pacific Northwest than most realize", "Gross Domestic Product by State: Fourth Quarter and Annual 2018", "Fast-growing Washington state knocks Massachusetts out of the top 10 largest state economies", "Ports on East Coast, Gulf Coast Outgain West Coast Peers in Second-Annual CBRE Seaports Index", "Jeff Bezos and Bill Gates got even richer in 2017", "Local Sales and Use Tax Rates by City/County", "Sound Transit 3 sales-tax increase takes effect Saturday", "Border-hopping shoppers cost state millions in lost revenue", "WSDOT Washington State Ferries Our Fleet", "King County International Airport/Boeing Field", "Ridership Annual Measures—Accountability Center—King County Metro Transit—King County", "Welcome to 'the Most Toxic Place in America, "Nation's most ambitious project to clean up nuclear weapons waste has stalled at Hanford", "Inside America's most toxic nuclear waste dump, where 56 million gallons of buried radioactive sludge are leaking into the earth", "Toxics Persist in Washington Rivers, Lakes and Fish", "Phosphate Ban Signed Into Law In Washington State", "Historical Perspecitve (sic) Of The Phosphate Detergent Conflict", "Six States Will Boast All-Women Senate Delegations in 2019", "The 15 Best-Educated Districts in the U.S., and Why It Matters in the Georgia Race", "Washington Top Two Primaries, Initiative 872 (2004)", "Colorado, Washington OK Recreational Marijuana Use", "Paid Sick Leave—Labor & Industries (L&I), Washington State", "Washington joins West Coast bloc of sanctuary states", "Competition in health insurance research", "The health insurer with largest individual market share in each state", "Dismantling of state's health reforms in 1993 may offer lessons for Obamacare repeal", "Consumer Reports: Seattle-area hospitals get low marks for stopping infections", "First Hill bustling with hospitals, culture", "The Evergreen State: Washington State Nickname", "Senate passes measure designating Walla Walla onion state veggie", "WSDOT—Highway Map—Washington State Facts", The official tourism site of the State of Washington, Secretary of State's Washington History website, Washington Administrative Code (State Administrative Rules), USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Washington, U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts: Washington, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, Police Scanner Information for Washington state, CWU Brooks Library Edward W. Nolan Photograph Collection, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility, 1788–89 United States presidential election, Samuel Osgood House (First Presidential Mansion), Alexander Macomb House (Second Presidential Mansion), General George Washington Resigning His Commission, Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington_(state)&oldid=999568079#Climate, States and territories established in 1889, States of the West Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles needing the year an event occurred from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles to be expanded from December 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 21:15. 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