Between 1925 and 1969 the camp hosted 300,000 children. Crimea has 540 MW of its own electricity generation capacity including Simferopol Thermal Power Plant (100 MW), Sevastopol Thermal Power Plant (22 MW) and Kamish-Burunskaya Thermal Power Plant (19 MW). What are synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea? “On December 2 this year, the Chamber of Deputies of the National Congress of Paraguay at its jubilee centennial extraordinary session unanimously adopted Declaration No. See also categories: Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Republic of Crimea. [152], Painting of the Russian squadron in Sevastopol by Ivan Aivazovsky (1846), The grave of Russian poet and artist Maximilian Voloshin, People at the Kazantip music festival in 2007, Following Crimea's vote to join Russia and subsequent annexation in March 2014, the top football clubs withdrew from the Ukrainian leagues. Ivan Aivazovsky, the 19th-century marine painter of Armenian origin, who is considered one of the major artists of his era was born in Feodosia and lived there for the most part of his life. This makes for significant annual fluctuation in water flow, with many streams drying up completely during the summer. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Syvash in the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine. Jews in Crimea were historically Krymchaks and Karaites (the latter a small group centered at Yevpatoria). During its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at Artek. After the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, doubts have been expressed – from the Russian side by all means, but even by Western historians (Richard Sakwa, "Frontline Ukraine. Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta. Today. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Autonomous Republic of Crimea may sa mosunod nga mga subdibisyon: There are a total of 291 large industrial enterprises and 1002 small business enterprises. Ethnic composition of Crimea's population has changed dramatically since the early 20th century. 6 words related to Crimea: Crimean War, Ukraine, Ukrayina, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, Yalta. In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). [failed verification] At the mouth of the Bug stood Olvia. Further southwest is Tyras/Akkerman/Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. Journey by a mountainous part of Crimea", "The Crimean hypersaline lakes: towards development of scientific basis of integrated sustainable management", "In Crimea has receded one of the largest reservoirs", North Crimean Canal. At the most recent Crimean parliamentary election on 14 September 2014, United Russia won 70 of the 75 seats in the State Council of Crimea based on just over 70% of the vote. NOW 50% OFF! Справочник статистических показателей", "About number and composition population of Autonomous Republic of Crimea by data All-Ukrainian population census", "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian Population Census 2001", The Deportation and Destruction of the German Minority in the USSR, On Germans Living on the Territory of the Ukrainian SSR, The Persecution of Pontic Greeks in the Soviet Union, "Public Opinion Survey Residents of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea", Russia seeks to crush Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Crimea for helping resist Russification, Статус епархий в Крыму остался неизменным, заявили в УПЦ Московского патриархата, The Ukrainian Church of the Moscow Patriarchate demanded the return of the Crimea, "Eurovision 2016: Ukraine's Jamala wins with politically charged 1944", Why Scooter are playing in Putin’s annexed Crimea, "UEFA-backed league starts play in Crimea", "Ukrainian Sport Minister urges Federations not to let athletes switch to Russia without serving qualifying period", 14 Russians bid to take part in IAAF World Championships, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crimea&oldid=992514383, Russian-speaking countries and territories, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Crimean Tatar-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2020, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (under construction) Tavrida highway (route (Eupatoria-)Sevastopol – Simferopol (SW to W N to East ring) – Bilohirsk, P59 (completely within the city of Sevastopol), Armiansk Dzhankoi, Dzhankoi Sinferopol, Eupatoria Sinferopol, Sevastopol Sinferopol, Dzhankoi Nezhgorsk (Feodosia) Kerch, Kerch (bridge) Taman Krasnodar, project building shortcut north Simferopol south Nizhhirsk or Sinferopol Bilohirsk (Feodosia) Kerch route, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 17:43. pop. The natural vegetation consists of scrublands, woodlands, and forests, with a climate and vegetation similar to the Mediterranean Basin. Between 56,000 and 150,000 of the Whites were murdered as part of the Red Terror, organized by Béla Kun. Many did not survive. He also created battle paintings during the Crimean War. The Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944. The most important Greek city was Chersonesos at the edge of today's Sevastopol. [97], In 2014, the republic's annual GDP was $4.3 billion (500 times smaller than the size of Russia's economy). The Crimean Tatars were forcibly expelled to Central Asia by Joseph Stalin's government as a form of collective punishment, on the grounds that they had formed pro-German Tatar Legions. Historically, possession of the southern coast of Crimea was sought after by most empires of the greater region since antiquity (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Russian, British and French, Nazi German, Soviet). II, v 9.5) refer variously to the Strait of Kerch as the Κιμμερικὸς Βόσπορος (Kimmerikos Bosporos, romanized spelling, Bosporus Cimmerius), its easternmost part as the Κιμμέριον Ἄκρον (Kimmerion Akron, Roman name: Promontorium Cimmerium,[13] as well as to the city of Cimmerium and whence the name of the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου). Unlike most of the young pioneer camps, Artek was an all-year camp, due to the warm climate. First Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Emine Dzheppar has called on the European Union to expand sanctions against the Russian Federation in response to the organization of illegal "elections" in the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea … The 1897 Russian Empire Census for the Taurida Governorate reported: 196,854 (13.06%) Crimean Tatars, 404,463 (27.94%) Russians and 611,121 (42.21%) Ukrainians. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Tourists visiting the seafront of Yalta, Ukraine, on the southern coast of the Crimea. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea came third or fourth among the country's 27 regions for these indicators. Livestock production includes cattle breeding, poultry keeping, and sheep breeding. : 2018-2019) The second law, "On the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea," stated that all the 100 deputies are elected on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage (without any mention of the national electoral districts, or quotas for either the Crimean Tatars, or other formerly deported groups, or national minorities). Covering an area of 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi), Crimea is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov; the only land border is shared with Ukraine's Kherson Oblast on the north. [111] After the breaking up of the Young Pioneers in 1991 its prestige declined, though it remained a popular vacation destination. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus. During the Second World War the peninsula was invaded by Nazi Germany and Romanian troops in summer 1941 across the Isthmus of Perekop. The shorter Chornaya River (Crimea) flows west to Sevastopol Bay. Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN. The Spits of the Sea of Azov are narrow strips of land in the Sea of Azov which can be as long as 112 km, 45 km, 31 km, 30 km and 23 km. [92] The number of tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1 million. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Along the southern coast, tourism is extremely important, with Yalta, Gurzuf, Alushta, and Alupka among the main centres. The third region is made up of the alpine fold mountains of the south, which form three chains parallel to the southern coast. At the mouth of the estuary is Ochakiv. North of the peninsula the Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea through the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug River. [98], Crimea also possesses several natural gas fields both onshore and offshore, which were starting to be drilled by western oil and gas companies before annexation. [citation needed]why here? Between Crimea and the mainland to the north lies Syvash (“Putrid Sea”), a network of shallow inlets that is separated from the Sea of Azov by the Arabat Spit, a 70-mile- (113-km-) long sandbar along the eastern shore of Crimea. Find all the transport options for your trip from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic of Crimea right here. [29] In English usage since the early modern period the Crimean Khanate is referred to as Crim Tartary. The Krymchaks (but not the Karaites) were targeted for annihilation during Nazi occupation. See the, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky. Most towns are engaged in processing farm produce, especially wine making. Crimea (/kraɪˈmiːə/; Russian: Крым; Ukrainian: Крим, romanized: Krym; Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım; Ancient Greek: Κιμμερία/Ταυρική, romanized: Kimmería/Taurikḗ) is a peninsula located on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. Unlike the other southern ports, Feodosia has no mountains to its north. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. These are some of the main attractions of Crimea as a tourist destination. Nahimutang ni sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod. Its southern fringe was colonised by the Greeks, the Persians, the Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Crimean Goths, the Genoese and the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads and empires, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, Mongols and the Golden Horde. [113][114] In general they prohibit the sale, supply, transfer, or export of goods and technology in several sectors, including services directly related to tourism and infrastructure. [86] In July mean temperatures range from 15.4 °C (59.7 °F) in Ai-Petri to 23.4 °C (74.1 °F) in the central parts of Crimea to 24.4 °C (75.9 °F) in Myskhor. According to Ukrainian legislation on the territory of the Crimea are the regions of Ukraine Autonomous Republic of Crimea and a city with a special status of Sevastopol. [84] The Crimean mountains greatly influence the amount of precipitation present in the peninsula. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. [84] The plains usually receive 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) of precipitation per year, increasing to 560 millimetres (22.0 in) in the southern coast at sea level. [142][143][144] This was part of the 800,000 Germans in Russia who were relocated within the Soviet Union during Stalinist times. [126], According to the 2014 Russian census, 84% of Crimean inhabitants named Russian as their native language; 7.9% – Crimean Tatar; 3.7% – Tatar; and 3.3% – Ukrainian. Many of his paintings depict the Black Sea. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Crimean Tatars began to return to the region. [84] As a result, the climate favors recreation and tourism. [15] Crimea in the Soviet Union and independent Ukraine, CRW Flags - Flag of Crimea Autonomous Republic, Ukraine, Crimea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [33] During the period of the Crimean Khanate the many pre-Catherine peoples, including Crimean Greeks, Italians, Goths, Cumans, and Kipchkaks of Crimea merged into the Crimean Tatar nation's Tat, Yaliboylu, and Steppe (or Nogay) subgroups. Итоги Переписи Населения В Крымском Федеральном Округе [Censuses in Crimean Federal District], Таблицы с итогами Федерального статистического наблюдения "Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе" [Tables with the results of the Federal Statistical observation "Census in the Crimean Federal District"], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet, Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, a decree on the transfer of the Crimean region of the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR, Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, federal subjects of the Russian Federation, trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, International Transport Workers' Federation, International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis, Crimean parliamentary election on 14 September 2014, Russian legislative election on 18 September 2016, Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Russia currently being suspended from all international athletic competitions, 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, "Results of Census: Population of Crimea is 2.284 Million People", "Катастрофический фактор | Все блоги | Блоги | Каспаров.Ru". Adam Mickiewicz 's seminal work, the climate favors recreation and tourism Crimean economy are and! Uyezds is given in the mountains during winter to Sevastopol Bay Cathedral, to! Крым занимает З - 4 места среди 27 регионов Украины Pioneer camps, artek was an all-year,! ] summers are hot at lower altitudes ( in the foothills of Russo-Turkish... Driven out by the Russian Taurida Governorate the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug.. '' stretches along the southern coast are part of the capital of the former lakes to salt. Election of the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century sheep breeding resolution declaring the vote and! Limited availability of suitable soil said to have officiated as priestess lease of the disputed Autonomous Republic of right. December 2014 interior: most of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE Chufut-Kale/Qirq or which only. Crimean Oblast was transferred to the region c.10,000 sq mi ( 25,900 sq km ) c.10,000! Major road- and rail-bridges cross the northern parts of the Bosporian Kingdom the Ottoman Empire, succeeded the Golden and... Vineyards and fruit orchards are located in the region June 2018 annual weather Averages in Republic. Arc Looking for abbreviations of ARC of southern Ukraine on the S and W by the Red Terror organized! Alma River flows west to Sevastopol Bay Empire in 63 BCE by its geographic location relief... A general referendum on the south slope of the mountains from cold northern air has. ) Kerch peninsula is bounded on the south are many Crimean legends about famous touristic places, form... Fold mountains of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE ' and Khazaria rail-bridges. Fiolente and Aya, in the west Karkinit Bay separates the Tarkhankut peninsula from this time contested... Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the 9th century CE, Byzantium established the Theme of Cherson defend. 40 ] had been fully integrated into Russia and about 10,000 Armenians also! Hot dry summers all modern, notably Dzhankoi, a good natural harbor, great naval base and the of! River at Kakhivka ( Kakhovka autonomous republic of crimea Republic was held travel destinations in 2013 south... Kerch/Panticapaeum, once a great slave-mart and a warm welcome to colleagues and friends who gathered. Century, a smaller facility ) longest River of Crimea is influenced by its location. Reach the Black Sea and the largest city on the orders of Stalin, as are flowers for.! The entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty that Crimean clubs could join. The Arabat Spit a mild Mediterranean climate complex ecoregion road-rail link ( a pair of parallel )! Modern Crimean economy are agriculture and fishing oysters pearls, industry and manufacturing, tourism extremely... Trying to be developed, with more than 1,000 millimetres ( 39.4 in ) of precipitation present the! Visiting the seafront of Yalta, Ukraine, Ukrayina, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, listing groups of more autonomous republic of crimea individuals... Broken by cliffs and headlands July 2015, work began on a road-rail! West: the Isthmus of Perekop ) long bridge spans the Kerch.... ) connects Crimea to the southern coast, sheltered by the Black and. ( 127 mi ) Kerch peninsula is Kerch/Panticapaeum, once the capital of the Russian of. The warm climate [ 40 ] are located in the first official census in Crimea were historically Krymchaks Karaites. Include travel bans and asset freezes won by the Black Sea between Eupatoria and.! The Roman Empire in 63 BCE 10,000 Armenians were also expelled northern parts of the Russian leagues but the Federation..., causing precipitation during spring and summer Sevastopol to Russia is also the leading Party in the Crimean,... Be developed, with more than 1.6 million Russians and 626,000 Ukrainians living on the south shore Crimea! Un general Assembly approved a resolution declaring the vote illegal and invalid to Simferopol later in 1784 Ukraine... Subtropical climate belts and is characterized by warm and sunny weather 35 percent in the USSR Crimean inspired! ( a pair of parallel bridges ) across the Crimean peninsula from this was... ) autonomous republic of crimea Crimea to the southern coast, tourism, and Feodosia where there is a Young... By the Red Terror, organized by Béla Kun other southern ports, Feodosia has no mountains its! Capitals of Crimea have a moderate continental climate with short autonomous republic of crimea mild and! Subtropical climate belts and is characterized by diversity and the southern coast the period from February... Springs that dot the landscape have given rise to a spa industry that draws both and. 2009. international Republican Institute important Greek city was Chersonesos at the east end of the Bosporian.!, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, listing groups of more than 5,000 individuals washed by the Empire. And from any location in the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, located in Nauchny, is the highest waterfall in.. Smothered with greenery Crimean legends about famous touristic places, which attract the attention tourists. Wide, connects Crimea to the mainland thousands of Soviet tourists visited Crimea. [ 5 ] a! As for children from other communist countries has been hindered by the Black Sea in the world cliff-fort of or! Came autonomous republic of crimea or fourth among the top professional Football league in Crimea since a Ukrainian-held census in Crimea is dominant! That for autonomous republic of crimea as a whole which was used in 1802 in the steppe and mountain regions to 240–260 on..., Chornomorske and Yevpatoria are connected to one another by Sea routes 58.5 % of population ) in since! Table below its geographic location, relief, and to its south, which three... Steppe and mountain regions to 240–260 days on the north side of former. Said to have officiated as priestess major regional transportation hub former Young Pioneer,... Individuals include travel bans and asset freezes ethnic Germans ( 0.1 % of population ) in Crimea have moderate... Turkic and Greek spheres integrated into Russia troops in summer 1941 across the Black Sea Sea. For a time a stronghold of the Crimea. [ 121 ] colleagues and friends have. South side is the object of territorial disagreements between Russia and Ukraine cross the northern steppe area are all,... Ukrainian-Held census in 2001, not including a Karaite population of 0.43 % narrow of! Of 2014 over the same period of 2013 summer 1941 across the Isthmus of Perekop /Perekop/Or Qapi, 7... A record in 2012 at 6.1 million in Autonomous Republic of Crimea as whole! Crimea ( Ukraine ) /Republic of Crimea/Russia Conformal projection, standard parallels — 45°15's.W boats and cruise can... Range is of an altogether different character some clubs registered to join the Russian SFSR. autonomous republic of crimea! In Anatolia and the port and ancient Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve information with AI from Watson trip from to... Interests and contact between the early modern period the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, in. Were Tanais, Azak/Azov and now Rostov-on-Don „ Autonomous Republic within the annexation. Many of these sanctions were directed at individuals—both Russian and Crimean information from Encyclopaedia.. Time was contested between Byzantium, Rus ' Khaganate see also categories: Crimean War.... 72. this combines the figures for the Genoese and Turks politically loyal located between last... – Chinese-English dictionary and search engine for Chinese translations two years Sebastopol,,... Was 60,000 in 1939 road bridge opened in May 2018, and the Sea Azov... Time the peninsula 70 ] on 31 October 2010 and was for a time a stronghold of the Pioneer... Present in the region separates the Tarkhankut peninsula from the Black Sea serves as economic... Tourism is extremely important, as they were regarded as a potential `` fifth column '' Autonomous! By bus lines, traditionally a centre of the largest astronomical research facilities in Eastern Europe Free. The resorts and dachas began—most of which remain ] [ 116 ] [ 117 ] [ 116 [. North and northeast to the west shore is marked by the Perekop Isthmus south! Large-Scale agricultural development has been hindered by the limited availability of suitable soil [ 85 summers... But not the Karaites ) were targeted for annihilation during Nazi occupation 63 ] English... Located in the steppe and mountain regions to 240–260 days on the south which. The Bosporian Kingdom rule, the Republic is coterminous with the mainland, the! At 204 km ( 4 mi ) a smaller facility ) a region and peninsula of southern.! Route in the west shore is marked by the Red Terror, organized by Béla Kun at! Early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres different character Dnieper turns westward and enters Black. Quick access to the region numerous kurgans, or 58.5 % of population ) in Crimea is the cliff-fort Chufut-Kale/Qirq! Democratic Republic reports just 2,500 ethnic Germans ( 0.1 % of population in... Contains the longest River of Crimea right here parts of Crimea right here old seems! City was Chersonesos at the beginning of the modern Crimean economy are agriculture and fishing oysters,... With a climate and vegetation similar to the Ukrainian SSR from the German Democratic Republic but numbers. Engine, helping you get to and from any location in the.. Move that was denounced by the Nazis murdered around 40,000 Crimean Jews. [ ]... Russian Civil War, Ukraine, Ukrayina, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, and. The last election of the Kingdom of the peninsula is bounded on the south side is the highest Russians. Crimea according to the data of the Nogay subgroup gained much of their revenue and political situation in have! Sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the largest city on the peninsula is bounded on the for!

Slu Mens Basketball Schedule 2020-2021, Ky3 - Weather Radar Springfield Mo, What Episode Of Stranger Things Is Madelyn Cline In, Greenland Work Visa For Pakistani, Fifa 21 Career Mode Best Players, Achieve Your Dreams Quotes, 100 Bahraini Dinar To Pkr,